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Halliburton

by Charlie CrayCrocodyl.org

For the latest company profile on Halliburton, visit our corporate malfeasance wiki, Crocodyl.org.

Halliburton is a leader in the oil services industry, it provides engineering and construction services for oil extraction and development. After separating from Kellogg, Brown & Root (KBR) in 2007, it is no longer in the business of providing military logistics support.

Global Fortune 500 position: 310
Ownership status: Publicly traded
Number of employees worldwide: After splitting from KBR Halliburton continues to be one of the world’s largest oil and gas services companies, with nearly 50,000 employees in approximately 70 countries.
Chief executive officer: David Lesar, President, CEO and Chairman of the Board.
Tel: 713 759 2605
Corporate accountability
Accountability overview: 

For coverage of Halliburton and its KBR subsidiary's involvement in Iraq and other corporate accountability, see Halliburton Watch, which links to numerous reports by CorpWatch, congressional committee investigations, related books etc.

Bribery

Halliburton officials have been accused of coordinating a scheme to bribe Nigerian government officials over a period of years in association with the Bonny Island liquid natural gas (LNG) project. Bribing foreign governments is a criminal offense under the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

Albert Jack Stanley, a company official who was later fired by Halliburton after investigators say he received $5 million in "improper" payments from an outside attorney working for the company -- Jeffrey Tesler. The Independent (UK) reported that "Mr Stanley had been appointed to his senior role at Halliburton by Mr. (Dick) Cheney when he was chief executive between 1995 and 2000." (The Independent, Oct. 3, 2004.) The Wall Street Journal confirmed that Cheney "named Mr. Stanley … to a top post at the company in 1998." (Wall Street Journal, Sept. 29, 2004.)

Stanley reported to David Lesar, then Halliburton's president and chief operating officer, and currently the company's CEO. Lesar reported to Cheney when Cheney was chief executive. (Dallas Morning News, Sept. 8, 2004.) (Important Note: Lesar is an accountant and former Arthur Andersen partner, meaning he may have been in a position to ask about the purpose of payments to Tesler when they occurred.) According to the Dallas Morning News, "Mr. Cheney ran Halliburton when one of four suspicious payments occurred." (Dallas Morning News, Sept. 8, 2004.)

For a detailed timeline of the Nigeria Bonny Island bribery case, see Halliburton Watch.org.

Tax issues: 

On March 4, 2004, Senators Levin (D-MI) and Dorgan (D-ND) released a GAO report on tax avoidance by federal contractors. At the time, Halliburton had 17 subsidiaries in tax haven countries, including 13 in the Cayman Islands which does not impose a corporate tax.

In 2002, Citizen Works Citizen Works found that Halliburton ranked 8th Among the Fortune 500 companies with the most offshore tax haven subsidiaries.

Dorgan, who chairs the Senate Democratic Policy Committee, has also noted that Halliburton avoids accountability by hiring employees under its subsidiary in the Cayman Islands, a tax haven country in the Caribbean, which allows for avoidance of U.S. tax, worker safety and other laws. "We've had a report showing a large percentage of corporations doing business with the federal government that are creating subsidiaries in tax haven countries," he said. "They want all of the largesse of contracting with our government and none of the responsibilities of paying taxes."

During Dick Cheney's tenure as Halliburton's CEO, the number of company subsidiaries located in offshore tax havens increased from 9 (in 1995) to 44 (in 1999). One of these subsidiaries (Halliburton Products and Services Ltd.), was incorporated in the Caiman Islands, and was used to get around sanctions on doing business in Iran. (Erwin Seba, Reuters, March 20, 2003)

When Halliburton announced it was relocating its corporate headquarters from Houston to Dubai, critics suggested the move might help the company avoid paying its fair share of taxes.

Martin Sullivan, contributing editor at the nonpartisan Tax Notes magazine, told MSNBC that relocating to the no-tax jurisdiction of Dubai would change Halliburton's tax situation "significantly" even though the company would still be registered in the US. By re-locating its CEO and other top executives to Dubai, Halliburton can argue that a portion of its profits should be attributed to the no-tax jurisdiction, he said.

Members of Congress called for an investigation. Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-ND) said, "I want to know, is Halliburton trying to run away from bad publicity on their contracts? Are they trying to run away from the obligation to pay US taxes? Or are they trying to set up a corporate presence in Dubai so that they can avoid the restrictions that currently exist on doing business with prohibited countries like Iran?"

Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT) said, "This is an insult to the US soldiers and taxpayers who paid the tab for their no-bid contracts and endured their overcharges for all these years."

And Rep. Henry Waxman, chairman of the powerful House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, asked Halliburton to explain the reasons for the move. "I want to understand the ramifications for U.S. taxpayers and national security," he said.

Also see "Halliburton's Tax Haven Explained" by HalliburtonWatch.org.

Labor: 

Much of Halliburton/KBR's government business in Iraq and Kuwait, already worth tens of billions, is being carried out by the world's poor people. Many of these people are underpaid, working for wages that are one-tenth of what U.S. workers receive, thereby creating more profits on the margins for Halliburton and its subcontractors. For example, NPR reported in October 2007 a Pakistani dishwasher at a forward operating base in Diyala was being paid $1.25 an hour for two years work for the Saudi-based food-services firm, Tamimi, a KBR subcontractor.

Much of Halliburton's work is conducted by foreign subsidiaries, which means that even U.S. employees may find it difficult to file claims against the company for break of contract in places like Iraq should they wish to do so. Under Texas law, employees may not be entitled to unemployment benefits who were employed by a Halliburton subsidiary that is incorporated in a "foreign" nation. In one case, the Texas Workforce Commission ruled against a former Halliburton employee by concluding: "The claimant is not entitled to unemployment benefits because [Halliburton's foreign subsidiary] does not satisfy the definition for an 'American employer' under the [Texas] statute."

Political influence: 

Vice President Dick Cheney told NBC's Meet the Press "I have absolutely no influence of, involvement of, knowledge of in any way, shape or form of contracts" that Halliburton received in Iraq.

But an internal Pentagon email later obtained by Time magazine indicates that months before the war "action" on the Iraqi oil contract was "coordinated" with Cheney's office. Two months before the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, the Wall Street Journal reported, "The Bush administration is eager to secure Iraq's oil fields and rehabilitate them, industry officials say. They say Mr. Cheney's staff hosted an informational meeting with industry executives in October, with Exxon Mobil Corp., Chevron Texaco Corp., ConocoPhillips and Halliburton among the companies represented. Both the Bush administration and the companies say such a meeting never took place." (Thaddeus Herrick, "U.S. Oil Wants to Work in Iraq," Wall Street Journal, Jan. 17, 2003.)

In addition, Cheney has resisted public requests for disclosure of documents relating to his secret Energy Task Force that proved he was investigating Iraq's oil fields prior to the war. Some of the documents were released only after a judge ordered Cheney to make them public.

Whether or not Cheney's office influenced the decision to give KBR a no-bid contract to repair Iraq's oil infrastructure, the Army Corps of Engineers top civilian contracting official, Bunnatine Greenhouse, told a congressional committee that "[T]he abuse related to contracts awarded to KBR represents the most blatant and improper contract abuse I have witnessed during the course of my professional career." (Greenhouse was demoted after blowing the whistle, despite a stellar work performance record.)

KBR, Inc., won more than $16 billion in U.S. government contracts for work in Iraq and Afghanistan from 2004 to 2006—far more than any other company, according to "Windfalls of War II", a 2007 analysis by the Center for Public Integrity.

For details about the waste, fraud and other abuses committed by KBR/Halliburton through its war-related contracts, see Halliburton Watch.org, CorpWatch, The House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform,and The Senate Democratic Policy Committee.

For information on Halliburton's lobbyists, visit Halliburton Watch

Other Examples

Soon after Hurricane Katrina, former FEMA head Joe Albaugh, a Halliburton registered lobbyist, encamped in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "helping his clients get business from perhaps the worst natural disaster in the nation's history." (Washington Post September 8, 2005; Page A27)

Charles Domini, a retired three-star general hired by Cheney in 1995 to work as vice president of business development for Kellogg Brown & Root, has been on both sides of the revolving door between Halliburton and the military. He was a general with the Army in 1992 when it first awarded Halliburton its most lucrative contract, known as LOGCAP. Then, after Halliburton was fired by the Army in 1997, Domini was an employee of Halliburton when the Army re-hired the company to handle the LOGCAP contract.

Domini is only one example of the symbiotic relationship between Halliburton and the military. His promotion to chief lobbyist in 2001 occurred because the former chief lobbyist, Dave Gribbin, retired from Halliburton to join Cheney in the Bush administration. Gribbin has a long history with Cheney that includes working for him in Congress, the Pentagon, Halliburton and now in the White House.


Brief company history: 

Halliburton's history began in the Texas/Oklahoma "oil patch" shortly after the end of World War I. Earl Halliburton of Tennessee came to Oklahoma to develop and refine a new process known as "oil well cementing." The process involves sending cement down an oil well to create a wall to seal-out water and other unwanted contaminants. The oil well cementing process, still used today, stabilizes the oil well and thereby allows drillers to extract oil more easily and efficiently.

Brown & Root, was established in 1919 and incorporated in Delaware in 1924. Two brothers, George and Herman Brown, and their brother-in-law, Dan Root, started the firm by paving roads. It was basically a cement company and nothing more. But the brothers soon began manufacturing complex oil platforms, dams and Navy warships.

Starting in the 1930s Brown & Root hitched its fortune in part (and vice versa) to the career of Lyndon B. Johnson, then an ambitious young congressman who helped the company secure federal contracts for a dam project back in Texas.

Halliburton and Brown and Root merged in 1963 under the name Halliburton, maintaining separate businesses inside one loose corporate structure -- the engineering and contracting side (Brown & Root) and the oil services side (Halliburton). In the late 1970s and early 1980s oil price fluctuations forced the company to more fully integrate the disparate operations into one streamlined firm.

Brown and Root rode LBJ's coattails into the Vietnam War, where it obtained numerous military construction contracts, including a contract to construct the infamous "tiger cages." The arrival of Dick Cheney as CEO in 1995 helped the company climb the ladder of the largest federal contractors from number 73 before his arrival to the 18th-largest defense contractor. Under Cheney's tenure as CEO, Halliburton's revenue from federal government contracts nearly doubled. Government-backed loans from the Export-Import bank increased from $100 million to $1.5 billion.

Halliburton saw its revenue increase 30 percent to $16 billion in 2003, largely because of its military contracts in the middle east. Halliburton was the number one U.S. Army contractor in 2003 with the total value of its Army contracts valued at $3,731,725,648. Dan Briody, in his book The Halliburton Agenda, described Halliburton's relationship with Cheney as "the embodiment of the Iron Triangle, the nexus of the government, military, and big business that President Eisenhower warned America about in his farewell speech."

Halliburton and KBR separated once again in 2006, with Halliburton focusing on oil services and KBR continuing as a separate entity focused on engineering, construction, and military supply contracting. Halliburton moved its operational headquarters to Dubai, while remaining incorporated in Delaware and retaining offices in Houston.

(A number of books provide useful explorations of Halliburton's history, including "The Halliburton Agenda" by Dan Briody, "Cronies" by Robert Bryce, and "How Much Are You Making in the War, Daddy?" by William D. Hartung).

Financial information
Stock ticker symbol: HAL
Specialized Information
Information that is harder to get than the rest.

 


Bush is gone, but Halliburton keeps cashing checks
by Pratap ChatterjeeSalon.com
June 3rd, 2009
All was remarkably staid as shareholders celebrated Halliburton's $4 billion in operating profits in 2008 at the company's recent AGM in Houston, a striking 22 percent return at a time when many companies are announcing record losses. At the same time, Sen. Byron Dorgan's Senate Democratic Policy Committee was holding a hearing on Capitol Hill focused on abuses by former subsidiary KBR.

An extended interview with the author of Halliburton’s Army: How a Well-Connected Texas Oil Company Revolutionized the Way America Makes War.
by Mike SheaTexas Monthly
January 31st, 2009
Interview with CorpWatch managing editor Pratap Chatterjee, on his forthcoming book, "Halliburton's Army," published by Nation Books and available in books stores on February 2, 2009.

Trafficking Lawsuit Against KBR for Wrongful Deaths in Iraq Dismissed
by Richard SmallteacherCorpWatch Blog
January 17th, 2014
Families of 12 Nepali workers killed in Iraq in August 2004 have been denied permission by a federal judge to sue KBR, the former subsidiary of Halliburton of Houston, in an abrupt reversal of a previous court decision.

US/IRAQ: U.S. Companies Join Race on Iraqi Oil Bonanza
by TIMOTHY WILLIAMSNew York Times
January 13th, 2010
American companies have been arriving in Iraq to pursue an expected multibillion-dollar bonanza of projects to revive the country’s petroleum industry. But there are questions about the Iraqi government’s capacity to police the companies. “These are for-profit concerns and they are trying to make as much money as they can,” said Pratap Chatterjee of CorpWatch.

Is Halliburton Forgiven and Forgotten? Or How to Stay Out of Sight While Profiting From the War in Iraq
by Pratap ChatterjeeTomDispatch.com
June 3rd, 2009
At Halliburton's recent annual shareholders meeting in Houston, all was remarkably staid as the company celebrated its $4 billion in 2008 operating profits, a striking 22% return at a time when many companies are announcing record losses. Just three months ago, however, Halliburton didn't hesitate to pay $382 million in fines to the U.S. Department of Justice as part of the settlement of a controversial KBR gas project in Nigeria in which the company admitted to paying a $180 million bribe to government officials.

Book Release: "Halliburton's Army: How A Well-Connected Texas Oil Company Revolutionized The Way America Makes War"
by Pratap ChatterjeeNation Books
February 3rd, 2009
In "HALLIBURTON’S ARMY: How a Well-Connected Texas Oil Company Revolutionized the Way America Makes War" (Nation Books; February 9, 2009; $26.95), muckraking journalist Pratap Chatterjee conducts a highly detailed investigation into Halliburton and its former subsidiary KBR’s activities in Kuwait and Iraq, uncovering much new information about its questionable practices and extraordinary profits.

US: Halliburton Ex-Official Pleads Guilty in Bribe Case
by RUSSELL GOLDThe Wall Street Journal
September 4th, 2008
In a wide-ranging foreign-corruption investigation, fired former Halliburton Co. executive Albert J. "Jack" Stanley pleaded guilty to orchestrating more than $180 million in bribes to senior Nigerian government officials. The bribes were used to win a contract to build a liquefied-natural-gas plant in Nigeria.

US: KBR stake under attack
by Jon OrtizSacramento Bee
June 20th, 2008
Sacramento for Democracy and other groups presented CalPERS with what they said were the names of 20,000 petitioners asking the fund to shed its KBR holdings. CalPERS owns about $27 million in KBR stock.

KATRINA: Audit Faults KBR's Repairs of Hurricane Damage
by Derek KravitzThe Washington Post
June 18th, 2008
Efforts by defense contractor KBR to repair hurricane-damaged Navy facilities were deemed shoddy and substandard, and one technical adviser alleged that the federal government "certainly paid twice" for many KBR projects because of "design and workmanship deficiencies," the Pentagon's inspector general reported in an audit released yesterday.

US: Army Overseer Tells of Ouster Over KBR Stir
by James RisenNew York Times
June 17th, 2008
Charles M. Smith, the senior civilian overseeing the multibillion-dollar contract with KBR during the first two years of the war, says he was ousted for refusing to approve payment for more than $1 billion in questionable charges to KBR. The Pentagon has recently awarded KBR part of a 10-year, $150 billion contract in Iraq.

Over the Counter Intelligence
by Philip Mattera
June 13th, 2008

IRAQ: BBC uncovers lost Iraq billions
by Jane Corbin BBC News
June 10th, 2008
A BBC investigation estimates that around $23bn (£11.75bn) may have been lost, stolen or just not properly accounted for in Iraq.

IRAQ: Court revives suits against Halliburton in truckers' deaths
by  MICHAEL KUNZELMANAssociated Press
May 28th, 2008
A federal appeals court on Wednesday revived lawsuits against military contractors over a deadly ambush that killed civilian truck drivers in Iraq.

IRAQ: Controversial Contractor’s Iraq Work Is Split Up
by JAMES RISENThe New York Times
May 24th, 2008
For the first time since the war began, the largest single Pentagon contract in Iraq is being divided among three companies, ending the monopoly held by KBR, the Houston-based corporation that has been accused of wasteful spending and mismanagement and of exploiting its political ties to Vice President Dick Cheney.

NIGERIA: Ex-Halliburton unit in bribery probe
by Michael Peel in London and Matthew Green in LagosThe Financial Times
May 9th, 2008
US anti-bribery investigators are targeting a former Halliburton subsidiary over its work on a key Royal Dutch Shell project in Nigeria, widening a corruption probe into the country’s troubled oil industry.

CAYMAN ISLANDS: Top Iraq contractor skirts US taxes offshore
by Farah StockmanThe Boston Globe
March 6th, 2008
Kellogg Brown & Root, the nation's top Iraq war contractor and until last year a subsidiary of Halliburton Corp., has avoided paying hundreds of millions of dollars in federal Medicare and Social Security taxes by hiring workers through shell companies based in this tropical tax haven.

US: Inside the world of war profiteers
by David Jackson and Jason Grotto|Tribune reportersChicago Tribune
February 21st, 2008
Hundreds of pages of recently unsealed court records detail how kickbacks shaped the war's largest troop support contract months before the first wave of U.S. soldiers plunged their boots into Iraqi sand.

IRAQ: Sexual Violence: An Occupational Hazard -- In Iraq and at Home
by Marie TessierWomen's Media Center
December 26th, 2007
Jamie Leigh Jones was just 20 in 2005 when she took a leap of faith to work in Iraq for her employer, military contractor Kellogg, Brown & Root, then a subsidiary of Halliburton. She went on a mission she believed in. Shortly after her arrival in Iraq, however, Jones' ambitions were dashed in an alleged gang rape by co-workers.

US: House Panel Looking Into Charges by Former KBR Employee
by Justin RoodABC News
December 13th, 2007
A House panel is looking into charges of sexual assault made by a former Halliburton/KBR employee in Iraq.

US: DOJ Questioned About '05 Iraq Rape Case
by John PorrettoAP News
December 12th, 2007
The chairman of the House Judiciary Committee asked the Justice Department on Tuesday to give a full account of its investigation into the alleged rape of a female contract worker in Iraq two years ago.

US: Victim: Gang-Rape Cover-Up by U.S., Halliburton/KBR
by Brian Ross, Maddy Sauer & Justin RoodABC News
December 10th, 2007
A Houston, Texas woman says she was gang-raped by Halliburton/KBR coworkers in Baghdad, and the company and the U.S. government are covering up the incident.

US: The People vs. the Profiteers
by David RoseVanity Fair
October 4th, 2007
Americans working in Iraq for Halliburton spin-off KBR have been outraged by the massive fraud they saw there. Dozens are suing the giant military contractor, on the taxpayers' behalf. Whose side is the Justice Department on?

US: Billions over Baghdad; The Spoils of War
by Donald L. Barlett and James B. SteeleVanity Fair
October 1st, 2007
Between April 2003 and June 2004, $12 billion in U.S. currency--much of it belonging to the Iraqi people--was shipped from the Federal Reserve to Baghdad, where it was dispensed by the Coalition Provisional Authority. Incredibly, at least $9 billion has gone missing, unaccounted for, in a frenzy of mismanagement and greed.

US: Evoking Vietnam clash, Wisconsin students to protest Halliburton visit
by Ryan J. Foley, APHouston Chronicle
September 19th, 2007
Students at Madison protest against Halliburton Co. recruiters, evoking memories of a 1967 protest of Dow, which made napalm for the US military.

US: Iraq convoy was sent out despite threat
by T. Christian MillerLA Times
September 3rd, 2007
Senior managers for defense contractor KBR overruled calls to halt supply operations in Iraq in the spring of 2004, ordering unarmored trucks into an active combat zone where six civilian drivers died in an ambush, according to newly available documents.

US: Army to examine Iraq contracts
by Richard LardnerAssociated Press
August 29th, 2007
The Army will examine as many as 18,000 contracts awarded over the past four years to support U.S. forces in Iraq to determine how many are tainted by waste, fraud and abuse.

US: Sale of KBR Bolsters Profit at Halliburton
by Bloomberg NewsThe New York Times
July 24th, 2007
Halliburton, the oil field contractor, said second-quarter net income more than doubled on a gain from selling its government services and construction subsidiary, KBR.

US: Filling Gaps in Iraq, Then Finding a Void at Home
by John M. BroderNew York Times
July 17th, 2007
Taking the place of enlisted troops in every American army before this one, contract employees in Iraq cook meals, wash clothes, deliver fuel and guard bases. And they die and suffer alongside their brothers and sisters in uniform. About 1,000 contractors have been killed in Iraq since the war began; nearly 13,000 have been injured. The consequences of the war will be lasting for many of them and their families, ordeals that are largely invisible to most Americans.

US: Former KBR employee pleads guilty in Kuwaiti kickback case
by Brett ClantonHouston Chronicle
July 13th, 2007
A former KBR employee pleads guilty to Kuwaiti kickback charges.

IRAQ: Private contractors outnumber U.S. troops in Iraq
by T. Christian MillerThe Los Angeles Times
July 4th, 2007
New U.S. data show how heavily the Bush administration has relied on corporations to carry out the occupation of the war-torn nation.

IRAQ: Audit of KBR Iraq Contract Faults Records For Fuel, Food; U.S. Says It Will Increase Monitoring in Baghdad
by Dana HedgpethThe Washington Post
June 24th, 2007
KBR, the government contracting firm formerly under Halliburton, did not keep accurate records of gasoline distribution, put its employees in living spaces that may be larger than warranted and served meals that appeared to cost $4.5 million more than necessary under a contract to perform work in Iraq, according to an audit by a government oversight agency.

IRAQ: Caught in Trafficking
by David PhinneyInter Press Service News Agency
June 15th, 2007
A Filipino air conditioner repairman's life was turned upside down when promises of good pay and work in Kuwait were replaced with the harsh realities of corrupt recruiters, horrible living conditions and forced work in Iraq.

IRAQ: Death Toll for Contractors Reaches New High in Iraq
by John M. Broder and James RisenNew York Times
May 19th, 2007
Casualties among private contractors in Iraq have soared to record levels this year, setting a pace that seems certain to turn 2007 into the bloodiest year yet for the civilians who work alongside the American military in the war zone, according to new government numbers.

US: Halliburton on short list for Corporate Hall of Shame
MSN News
May 15th, 2007
Halliburton Co. is one of eight companies voters can choose to be inducted to Corporate Accountability International's Corporate Hall of Shame.

Goodbye Houston: An Alternative Annual Report on Halliburton
May 15th, 2007
CorpWatch and its partners today released an alternative annual report on Halliburton titled: "Goodbye Houston" The new report was prepared in association with Halliburton Watch and the Oil & Gas Accountability Project.

Mystery of the Missing Meters: Accounting for Iraq's Oil Revenue
by Pratap ChatterjeeSpecial to CorpWatch
March 22nd, 2007
How much crude oil is Iraq actually exporting? Nobody really knows how much is potentially being stolen by corrupt officials because the contractors in charge of fixing the meters have yet to calibrate them, four years after the invasion.

US: Senator calls for more aggressive investigation of war profiteering
by Elise CastelliFederal Times
March 20th, 2007
The Justice Department isn’t moving aggressively enough against contractors who have bilked the government out of billions in Iraqi reconstruction dollars, a top Senate Democrat said Tuesday.

US: The battle scars of a private war
by T. Christian MillerL A Times
February 12th, 2007
Contractors wounded or killed in Iraq are the anonymous casualties. Ceremonies are secret, and benefits are scarce.

IRAQ: Top Democrat: Halliburton Violated Multibillion Dollar Iraq Contract
by Jason Leopoldt r u t h o u t Report
December 9th, 2006
Halliburton Corp., the oil field services company once headed by Vice President Dick Cheney, breached the terms of its multibillion dollar contract to provide US soldiers logistical support in Iraq when one of its subcontractors outsourced security work to Blackwater USA, according to new documents released Friday by Congressman Henry Waxman.

IRAQ: Idle Contractors Add Millions to Iraq Rebuilding
by James GlantzThe New York Times
October 25th, 2006
Overhead costs have consumed more than half the budget of some reconstruction projects in Iraq, according to a government estimate released yesterday, leaving far less money than expected to provide the oil, water and electricity needed to improve the lives of Iraqis.

IRAQ: In Iraq, contractor deaths near 650, legal fog thickens
by Bernd DebusmannReuters
October 10th, 2006
The war in Iraq has killed at least 647 civilian contractors to date, according to official figures that provide a stark reminder of the huge role of civilians in supporting the U.S. military.

US: Ex-Workers Testify About Halliburton
by Griff WitteWashington Post
September 19th, 2006
A Democratic Policy Committee hearing spurred by a lawsuit has renewed attention on Halliburton Co., which has come under intense scrutiny as the largest U.S. contractor in Iraq.

US: Halliburton Unit Risked Civilian Lives, Lawsuits Say (Update3)
by Laurel Brubaker Calkins and Margaret Cronin FiskBloomberg
September 15th, 2006
Halliburton Co. sent civilian drivers into combat zones to protect its military supply contract, according to lawsuits filed by families of employees killed or injured while driving trucks in Iraq.

IRAQ: Army to End Expansive, Exclusive Halliburton Deal
by Griff WitteWashington Post
July 12th, 2006
The U.S. Army is discontinuing a controversial multibillion-dollar deal with oil services giant Halliburton to provide logistical support to U.S. troops worldwide, a decision that could cut deeply into the firm's dominance of government contracting in Iraq.
(Read CorpWatch's response.)

US: Federal contracts up 86% under Bush; Halliburton rises 600%
Raw Story
June 20th, 2006
Top contractor Lockheed got contracts larger than budget of Congress, Dept. of Interior

US: GOP Kills Bill to Police Halliburton
by Bob GeigerAlterNet
June 20th, 2006
I suppose it's old news at this point that the Bush administration lied us into the Iraq war and that the cost of this mess will be fully realized by the next generation when Bush leaves office with the biggest budget deficit in U.S. history.

US: Halliburton sees earnings doubling in coming years
Stuff New Zealand
June 9th, 2006
Oil field services company Halliburton Co. expects net income and earnings per share to double over the next three to five years, Chief Financial Officer Cris Gaut said today.

US: Big Bonuses Still Flow, Even if Bosses Miss Goals
by Gretchen MorgensonThe New York Times
May 31st, 2006
As executive pay packages have rocketed in recent years, their defenders have contended that because most are tied to company performance, they are both earned and deserved. But as the Las Vegas Sands example shows, investors who plow through company filings often find that executive compensation exceeds the amounts allowed under the performance targets set by the directors.

US: Protestors Arrested at Halliburton Annual Meeting
by Shaun SchaferAssociated Press
May 17th, 2006
Sixteen people protesting Halliburton Co.'s role as a military contractor were arrested Wednesday outside a building where shareholders discussed spinning off the subsidiary that provides meals, clean laundry and other services to U.S. troops in Iraq.

Yes-Men Taunt Halliburton
by Brooke Shelby Biggs
May 10th, 2006

IRAQ: Documents track Halliburton battle
by David IvanovichHouston Chronicle
March 29th, 2006
Federal auditors castigated Houston-based Halliburton Co. repeatedly for failing to control costs and adequately justify its billings when working to rebuild Iraq's southern oil industry, newly released documents show.

US: Being Timely Was Key to Halliburton Bonuses
by David IvanovichThe Houston Chronicle
February 28th, 2006
Houston's Halliburton Co. earned nearly $100 million from its controversial no-bid contract to repair Iraq's oilfields and import fuel into that violence-torn country, Pentagon records show.

Ports of Profit
by Pratap ChatterjeeSpecial to CorpWatch
February 24th, 2006
The ports of Dubai make up some of the busiest commercial hubs in the world for the "global war of terrorism." Conveniently located between the Afghanistan and Iraq, Dubai is the ideal jumping-off point for military contractors and a lucrative link in the commercial supply chain of goods and people.

Baghdad Embassy Bonanza
by David PhinneySpecial to CorpWatch
February 12th, 2006
A controversial Kuwait-based construction firm accused of exploiting employees and coercing low-paid laborers to work in war-torn Iraq against their will is now building the new $592-million U.S. embassy in Baghdad.

Listen to an interview with David Phinney about this article on CorpWatch Radio.


IRAQ: Halliburton Gave Troops Foul Water, Workers Say
Reuters
January 23rd, 2006
A Halliburton Co. subsidiary provided water to U.S. troops at a camp in Iraq that was twice as contaminated as water from the Euphrates River, former employees of the company said on Monday.

US: Ex-Halliburton Iraq Worker Gets 15-Month Jail Sentence
by Matt DailyReuters
November 18th, 2005
A former Halliburton Co. worker was sentenced on Friday to 15 months in prison after pleading guilty in federal court in Illinois to taking more than $110,000 in kickbacks from an Iraqi company in 2004.

US: Immigrants Often Unpaid for Katrina Work
by  Justin PritchardAssociated Press
November 5th, 2005
A pattern is emerging as the cleanup of Mississippi's Gulf Coast morphs into its multibillion-dollar reconstruction: Come payday, untold numbers of Hispanic immigrant laborers are being stiffed.

US: Suspected Illegal Workers Found at Halliburton Job Site
by Griff WitteThe Washington Post
October 22nd, 2005
Federal agents have identified 10 suspected illegal immigrants working at a naval base near New Orleans where the Halliburton Co. subsidiary Kellogg Brown & Root is leading hurricane reconstruction, according to a spokeswoman for U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

US: Cheney's Halliburton Options Up 3,281% Last Year
The Raw Story
October 11th, 2005

US: Katrina work goes to officials who led Iraq effort
by Adam EntousReuters
October 6th, 2005
Top officials who managed U.S. reconstruction projects in Iraq have been hired by some of the same big companies that received those contracts and which are now involved in a rush of deals to rebuild after Hurricane Katrina.

Blood, Sweat & Tears: Asia’s Poor Build U.S. Bases in Iraq
by David PhinneySpecial to CorpWatch
October 3rd, 2005
Thousands of low-wage Asian laborers are traveling to Iraq to work for U.S. military contractors like First Kuwaiti and Prime Projects International in the hope of sending money home to their families. Trapped and exploited under inhuman conditions, many of them are now fleeing the country to save their lives.

US: Auditors investigate Katrina contracts
by Hope YenAssociated Press
September 22nd, 2005
Government auditors are questioning whether several multimillion-dollar Katrina contracts” including one involving a subsidiary of Houston-based Halliburton Co.” invite abuse because they are open-ended and not clearly defined.

Hurricane Katrina and Climate Justice
by Joshua KarlinerSpecial to CorpWatch
September 12th, 2005
For nearly five years George Bush has infuriated much of the world by refusing to take action on global warming. Instead, he has called for more study. In a way, he got what he wanted with Hurricane Katrina.

Hallliburton Wins New $4.9Billion Iraq Contract
by David PhinneySpecial to CorpWatch
July 6th, 2005
With little fanfare and no public announcement, the U.S. Army quietly awarded $4.972 billion in new work to Halliburton on May 1 to support the United States military occupation of Iraq.

Halliburton Hearing Unearths New Abuse
by Pratap ChatterjeeSpecial to CorpWatch
June 27th, 2005
"Misplaced" portable military bases, thousand-dollar VCRs, and expired food are only a few of the new charges that have been brought against the most powerful military contractor in Iraq.

Adding Insult to Injury
by David PhinneySpecial to CorpWatch
May 24th, 2005
Many Halliburton contractors leave Iraq with debilitating injuries and deep psychological scars. Then they return home only to find that the insurance they need to rebuild their lives is out of reach.

Houston: We Still Have a Problem
CorpWatch
May 17th, 2005
In a alternative annual report on the company, released today by CorpWatch, titled "Houston: We Still Have a Problem," Halliburton's real 2004 track record is revealed. The report details everything from the company's unwillingness to prevent bribery, fraud, and corruption within its workforce to its inability to take proper precautions to protect its employees in Iraq.

Houston, We Still Have A Problem
by Andrea Buffa and Pratap ChatterjeeSpecial to CorpWatch
May 16th, 2005
This week, CorpWatch publishes a special alternative annual report on Halliburton. From bribery, fraud, and corruption in Iraq, to the undermining of US government regulations that protect drinking water at home, we take a closer look at this controversial company's track record in 2004.

Halliburton Bribery Scandal Deepens
by David PhinneySpecial to CorpWatch
March 29th, 2005
Halliburton officials are being investigated for taking millions of dollars in bribes while staying at a lavish seaside resort in Kuwait, in return for sub-contracts to supply the US military in Iraq. Jeff Alex Mazon is the first of these Halliburton managers to be indicted for corruption.

Driving Into Danger
by Pratap ChatterjeeSpecial to CorpWatch
March 29th, 2005
A grieving family is suing Halliburton for the wrongful death of Tony Johnson, a truck driver killed while en route on the deadliest day the Iraq war has seen so far. Did the company knowingly place their workers in harm's way? The Johnsons -- and the flood of families waiting to file similar lawsuits -- say they did.

IRAQ: Oh What a Lovely War on Terror It's Been for Halliburton
by Katherine GriffithsThe Independent
March 27th, 2005
Time and again, there was little or no competition for the huge contracts the US administration awarded, and repeatedly, it seemed that senior army people were stepping in to overrule attempts by the highest-ranking civilian in the US Army Corps of Engineers to make KBR accountable.

US: Little Big Companies
by Michael SchererMother Jones Magazine
How did corporations like Halliburton get millions in government contracts designated for small minority businesses?

IRAQ: Four Halliburton Workers from U.S. Killed
Associated Press
December 22nd, 2004
Two Texas men and two others from Oregon and Alabama were identified Wednesday as the four Halliburton Co. employees killed in the attack at a military base in Iraq, a strike that is among the deadliest for the Houston-based contractor since its involvement there.

UN: Board Cites U.S. Contractor in Iraq
by Colum LynchWashington Post
December 15th, 2004

IRAQ: Silence Surrounds Fates of Contractors
by David IvanovichHouston Chronicle
November 21st, 2004
Halliburton Co. truck drivers Tim Bell and Bill Bradley disappeared April 9 when their convoy was attacked west of Baghdad. The Army has conducted an investigation into the ambush, but the report is classified. Pentagon officials refused to discuss its contents, directing questions to Halliburton. The company referred questions back to the Pentagon.

Kuwait Documents Allege Halliburton Bribe Scandal
by David PhinneySpecial to Corpwatch
November 11th, 2004
Newly revealed documents, dating from December 2003 and the early months of 2004, allege that Halliburton staff in Kuwait asked for kickbacks from selected contractors while undermining others who were looking for work from the multi-billion dollar contracts that the company oversees for the military occupation force in Iraq.

Halliburton Hit with Multiple Lawsuits
by David PhinneySpecial to CorpWatch
October 27th, 2004
Companies working in support of U.S. troops in Iraq are hauling Houston-headquartered defense contractor, Halliburton, into U.S. federal court with claims that the company stiffed them for hundreds of millions of dollars after they provided essential services in the war effort.

USA: US Army Criticised Over Halliburton Contract
The Guardian
July 22nd, 2004

USA: Halliburton Cuts Off KBR Ex-Boss
BBC
June 19th, 2004

Iraq: The Paper Trail. Did Cheney Okay a Deal?
by Timothy J. Burger and Adam Zagorin
May 30th, 2004

Houston, We Have a Problem
Produced by CorpWatch and Global Exchange
May 18th, 2004
Halliburton, the largest oil-and-gas services company in the world, is also one of the most controversial companies in the United States. The company has been the number one financial beneficiary of the war against Iraq, raking in some $18 billion in contracts to rebuild the country's oil industry and service the U.S. troops in Iraq. It has also been accused of more fraud, waste, and corruption than any other Iraq contractor. This report details Halliburton's track record.

Iraq: No Guns for Contractors, Pentagon is Proposing
by Seth BorensteinPhiladelphia Inquirer
April 29th, 2004
As the insurgency in Iraq remains strong, the Department of Defense has proposed a new rule for most of the estimated 70,000 civilian contractors working in the region: They cannot carry guns.

IRAQ: 10 US Contractors Penalized
by Matt KelleyAssociated Press
April 26th, 2004
Ten companies with billions of dollars in U.S. contracts for Iraq reconstruction have paid more than $300 million in penalties since 2000 to resolve allegations of bid rigging, fraud, delivery of faulty military parts and environmental damage.

Iraq: Families of Hostages Say They're Being Kept in Dark
by Bill MurphyHouston Chronicle
April 25th, 2004
Family members of KBR employees taken hostage by insurgents in Iraq say they are still being kept in the dark about their status

Iraq: Iraqis Investigate Halliburton over Allegations of Bribery
by Clayton HirstLondon Independent
April 25th, 2004
The probe centres on allegations that staff working for the Houston-based company took bribes for awarding sub-contracts in Iraq.

Iraq: Families Grieve After Halliburton Contract Workers Identified
by Kristen HaysAssociated Press
April 21st, 2004
The bodies of the two men and a third American contractor, Jack Montague, were found last week near the site of an April 9 attack on a fuel convoy west of Baghdad, Houston-based Halliburton announced Tuesday. A fourth, unidentified, victim was also found.

Iraq: KBR contractors weigh heavy risks
by Jenalia Moreno and Bill Hensel Jr. Houston Chronicle
April 14th, 2004
For more than a week, KBR officials have tried to prepare new hires like Michael Tovar, 29, for the risks they'll face as contractors in Iraq.

Iraq: Seven U.S. Civilian Contract Workers Missing
by John F. Burns and Kirk SempleNew York Times
April 12th, 2004
BAGHDAD, Iraq, April 12 — The American military today put at seven the number of civilian contract workers missing after their convoy was ambushed in Iraq on Friday.

Iraq: Rebuilding Plan Reviewed
by Jackie Spinner and Mary Pat FlahertyWashington Post
March 31st, 2004
The new inspector general of the U.S.-led interim authority in Iraq reported yesterday that though he is just beginning his own audits of reconstruction spending, he is concerned about the oversight of spending and control of cash.

Iraq: Security Pushes Up Contract Costs
by Sue PlemingReuters
March 31st, 2004
Soaring security and insurance costs are driving up the price of contracts to rebuild Iraq and more funds may be needed, said a report on Wednesday by the U.S.-led authority's chief inspector in Iraq.

Iraq: Halliburton Continues to Profit
by Matt KelleyAssociated Press
March 30th, 2004
Halliburton Co. has reaped as much as $6 billion in contracts from the U.S. invasion of Iraq, but improprieties in those military contracts have also given Vice President Dick Cheney's former company high-profile headaches. Pentagon auditors have criticized Halliburton's estimating, spending and subcontracting, and they plan to begin withholding up to $300 million in payments next month. The Justice Department is investigating allegations of overcharges, bribes and kickbacks. Democrats have accused the company of war profiteering.

US: Halliburton Lobby Costs Drop
by Maud S. BeelmanBoston Globe
March 27th, 2004
Halliburton, the oil and construction conglomerate formerly headed by Vice President Dick Cheney, dramatically reduced what it spent on lobbying Congress and the federal government after the Bush-Cheney administration took office in January 2001.

US: Report Finds Halliburton Violated Contracting Rules
by Seth BorensteinKnight Ridder
March 11th, 2004
Halliburton, the big contractor that's won the lion's share of government contracts to rebuild Iraq, significantly and systematically violated federal contracting rules by providing inaccurate and incomplete information about its own costs, according to a special report by Defense Department auditors.

US: Pentagon Asks Justice to Join Halliburton Probe
by Neil King Jr. and Glenn R. SimpsonWall Street Journal
March 10th, 2004
The Pentagon has asked the Justice Department to join an inquiry into alleged fuel overcharging by Halliburton Co. in Iraq, indicating that Pentagon officials see possible grounds for criminal charges or civil penalties.

Unearthing Democratic Root to Halliburton Flap
by Al KamenWashington Post
March 5th, 2004
Truly there is nothing new under the sun. In recent months Democrats have been bleating about fat Iraq construction contracts going to Halliburton, about Halliburton's ties to the administration because Vice President Cheney happened to run the company just before taking his current job and a shocking GOP tendency to help contributors.

US: Lawmakers seek Halliburton internal documents
by David IvanovichHouston Chronicle
February 27th, 2004
Two key Democratic lawmakers want Halliburton to turn over internal documents that reportedly identified significant deficiencies in the company's cost controls.

US: Ex-Halliburton Workers Allege Rampant Waste
by T. Christian MillerLos Angeles Times
February 13th, 2004
Halliburton has systematically wasted U.S. taxpayer dollars in its operations in Iraq and Kuwait, according to two of the company's former employees who have spoken to congressional investigators.

Iraq: Watchdog Presses US To Name Oil Auditors
Reuters
February 13th, 2004
An international watchdog overseeing how Iraq's oil money is spent during the U.S.-led occupation pressed the U.S. authorities on Friday to finalize the appointment of auditors so its work can begin in earnest.

Iraq: The Pentagon's Private Corps
by Julian BrookesMotherJones.com
October 22nd, 2003
Washington has long outsourced work to private firms. What's new is the size and variety of contracts being doled out, particularly by the Pentagon. Private military companies now do more than simply build airplanes -- they maintain those planes on the battlefield and even fly them; construct detention camps in Guantanamo Bay, pilot armed reconnaissance planes and helicopter gunships to eradicate coca crops in Colombia; and operate the intelligence and communications systems at the U.S. Northern Command in Colorado -- work that brings the various companies an estimated $100 billion a year.

US: Halliburton Ceated Raised Prices of Gas
by Farhad ManjooSalon.com
October 16th, 2003
Why is getting gasoline to oil-rich Iraq costing Americans so much money? The congressmen have a one-word, obvious answer: Halliburton.

Iraq: Some of Army's Civilian Contractors Are No-Shows
by David WoodNewhouse News Service
July 31st, 2003
U.S. troops in Iraq suffered through months of unnecessarily poor living conditions because some civilian contractors hired by the Army for logistics support failed to show up, Army officers said.

Iraq: Nation Builders for Hire
by Dan BaumNew York Times magazine
June 22nd, 2003
When Dwight Eisenhower warned in 1961 of the ''military-industrial complex,'' he never imagined the regimental descendants of Monty's boys at El Alamein tenting in the desert to baby-sit corporadoes earning $10,000 tax-free a month. This, however, is modern might. The military has become the industrial, and vice versa.

Iraq: U.S. Weighs Plan To Mortgage Iraqi Oil For Rebuilding Costs
by Michael M. PhillipsWall Street Journal
June 19th, 2003
The Bush administration is considering a controversial plan to pay for Iraq's reconstruction by mortgaging its future oil revenue. The proposal, which could involve issuing securities or trade credits backed by projected oil revenue, has the enthusiastic endorsement of the two major U.S. companies with reconstruction contracts in Iraq, Halliburton Co. and Bechtel Group Inc.

Iraq: New Drill: Inside Giant Oil Industry, Maze Of Management Tensions
by Chip Cummins, Susan Warren and Bhushan Bahree Wall Street Journal
April 30th, 2003
The Pentagon is embarking on one of the most audacious hostile takeovers ever: the seizure and rejuvenation of Iraq's huge but decrepit state-run petroleum industry. The U.S. oilmen have to cull loyalists to Saddam Hussein's Baath party from management and find Iraqi executives willing to work for the occupation. Already, the Americans are having trouble recruiting senior talent.

Iraq: At Oil Plant, Bitterness And Idleness
by Peter S. GoodmanWashington Post
April 30th, 2003
Many Iraqi oil workers are frustrated that the United States has yet to put in place a functioning oil ministry, leaving managers at the giant South Oil Co. without the authority to buy new tools, vehicles and machinery in a country that holds the world's second-largest reserves of oil.

Cheney, Halliburton and the Spoils of War
by Lee Drutman and Charlie CrayCitizen Works
April 4th, 2003
Why Dick Cheney's wartime conflicts of interest are among the most troubling in Washington.

Iraq: Oil Companies Aid Military Planners, Industry Avoids Publicity About Its Role in Teaching Troops to Operate Iraq Wells
by Chip Cummins Wall Street Journal
March 27th, 2003
The oil industry has gone to great lengths to distance itself from any planning related to the potential post-war opening of Iraq's massive fields, now partly in U.S. and British hands. But it is becoming clear that a number of companies played significant advisory roles in military operations taking place on those fields, underscoring an unusual partnership between the military and private companies in the Iraq campaign.

Cheney's Close Ties to Brown and Root
by Pratap ChatterjeeSpecial to CorpWatch
March 20th, 2003
Halliburton, Brown and Root's parent company, is a Fortune 500 construction corporation working primarily for the oil industry. From 1962 to 1972 the Pentagon paid the company tens of millions of dollars to work in South Vietnam, where they built roads, landing strips, harbors, and military bases from the demilitarized zone to the Mekong Delta. The company was one of the main contractors hired to construct the Diego Garcia air base in the Indian Ocean, according to Pentagon military histories.

Halliburton Makes a Killing on Iraq War
by Pratap ChatterjeeSpecial to CorpWatch
March 20th, 2003
CorpWatch has learned that VP Cheney's former company has a $multi-million contract servicing troops in Kuwait. This special series looks at how Halliburton profits from the Iraq war, now that bombs are falling on Baghdad.

IRAQ: Thousands of Private Contractors Support U.S. Forces in Persian Gulf
by Kenneth BredemeierWashington Post
March 3rd, 2003
Private contractors are sending thousands of technical experts to the Persian Gulf region. They operate communications systems, repair helicopters, fix weapons systems and link the computers with the troops to command centers.

Iraq: US begins secret talks to secure Iraq's oilfields for fear that wells will be torched if regime falls
by  Nick Paton, Julian Borger, Terry Macalister and Ewen MacAskillGuardian
January 23rd, 2003
The US military has drawn up detailed plans to secure and protect Iraq's oilfields to prevent a repeat of 1991 when President Saddam set Kuwait's wells ablaze.

US: In Tough Times, a Company Finds Profits in Terror War
by Jeff Gerth and Don Van Natta Jr.New York Times
July 12th, 2002
The Halliburton Company, the Dallas oil services company bedeviled lately by an array of accounting and business issues, is benefiting very directly from the United States efforts to combat terrorism.From building cells for detainees at Guantnamo Bay in Cuba to feeding American troops in Uzbekistan, the Pentagon is increasingly relying on a unit of Halliburton called KBR, sometimes referred to as Kellogg Brown & Root.

The War on Terrorism's Gravy Train
by Pratap ChatterjeeSpecial to CorpWatch
May 2nd, 2002
The U.S. military has always relied on private contractors for basic services, but today nearly 10 percent of the emergency U.S. army operations overseas are contracted out to unaccountable private corporations.