The airlines include Air France and KLM, now operated by a single holding company, which is to pay $350m.
The other airlines involved are Cathay Pacific, Dutch airline Martinair and Scandinavia's SAS.
The payments come after a wide-ranging inquiry into the air cargo industry by the department's anti-trust division.
A statement by the department said the fine imposed on Air France-KLM
was the second-highest levied in a criminal anti-trust prosecution to
Blow to consumers
During the period between 15 May 15 2001 and February 2006, the
airlines met and agreed cargo shipment rates and levied rates in
accordance with those meetings.
"The airlines each engaged in a conspiracy to suppress and eliminate
competition by fixing the cargo rates charged to customers for
international air shipments," the department said.
"The charged conduct affected billions of dollars of consumer
and other goods - including produce, clothing, electronics and
medicines - shipped by these airlines and their competitors in the air
Ultimately, consumers paid higher prices as a result, the department said.
"When these companies and their co-conspirators got together and
agreed to raise prices for air cargo shipments, American businesses and
consumers ended up picking up the tab," said Scott D Hammond, deputy
assistant attorney general in charge of criminal enforcement for the
department's anti-trust division.
The statement added that the airlines had agreed to co-operate with the
Department of Justice investigation, which was continuing, and that the
plea agreements were subject to approval by the US district court where
the charges had been filed.
Of the other three airlines involved, Cathay has agreed to pay $60m, Martinair $42m and SAS $52m.
The penalties are the latest in a series of fines arising from
the Justice Department's investigation into price-fixing in the air
In August 2007, British Airways was fined $300m after admitting
collusion in fixing the price of cargo rates for international air
shipments and the rate of passenger fuel surcharges.
Other airlines, including Korean Air Lines, Qantas and JAL, have since suffered similar penalties.