WASHINGTON - Wal-Mart, the world's largest retailer, pledged Tuesday to spend $35 million compensating for wildlife habitat lost nationwide
beneath its corporate "footprint."
Acre for acre, Wal-Mart Stores Inc. said it would buy an
amount of land equal to all the land its stores, parking lots and
distribution centers use over the next 10 years. That would conserve at
least 138,000 acres in the United States as "priority" wildlife
The money will go to the National Fish and Wildlife
Foundation, a private nonprofit group created by Congress in 1984 to
leverage federal dollars for conservation projects, including 312,000
acres in Maine alone.
"We introduced the concept of the offset program to Wal-Mart
last year," said Max Chapman Jr., the foundation's chairman. "They were
quick to say 'yes,' and Wal-Mart's leadership is raising the bar in
It's the first time any U.S. corporation has pledged such an
arrangement, according to Interior Department officials, who will help
decide which places to conserve. Interior Secretary Gale Norton said
she hopes the deal becomes a model for other companies.
The action also helps Wal-Mart burnish its green credentials,
just ahead of Earth Day on April 22. The company bought full-page ads
in Tuesday's editions of at least 20 newspapers touting its new habitat
Wal-Mart has come under scrutiny over its labor practices and
how its stores affect communities and competing retailers. Last month
it paid a record $11 million to settle federal charges of employing
hundreds of illegal immigrants.
Wal-Mart also settled a Clean Water Act violation last year by
paying a $3.1 million fine for excessive storm water runoff at
construction sites. It agreed to improve runoff controls at more than
200 sites each year where the company builds stores. In 2001, Wal-Mart
and some contractors reached a similar settlement and paid a $1 million
"Wal-Mart thinks it can paint over its record with a nice
shade of green, but that won't hide its true colors," said Eric Olson,
an anti-sprawl campaigner for the Sierra Club.
With a quarter-trillion dollars in annual sales, Wal-Mart
employs 1.6 million people at 3,600 U.S. stores and 1,570 stores
The foundation plans to raise $35 million to match the
Wal-Mart money, but said it would start off by putting $8.8 million
from Wal-Mart toward a $20.5 million project to conserve land in five
--Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge in Louisiana: Buying
privately owned land to expand the refuges by 40 percent to 6,098
--Sherfield Cave/Buffalo National River in Arkansas: Adding 1,226 acres of bat habitat.
--North Rim of the Grand Canyon in Arizona: Buying two private ranches with 1,259 acres.
--Squaw Creek in Oregon: Buying a conservation easement on a
private ranch to protect 1,120 acres along a tributary of the Deschutes
River to aid salmon and steelhead fish populations.
--Downeast Lakes region of Maine: Protecting 312,000 acres
around Washington County, including 54 lakes and 1,500 miles of river
and stream shoreline.
Wal-Mart shares rose 12 cents to close at $48.63 on the New York Stock Exchange, but are still near their 52-week low of $48.24.
- 183 Environment