Food Fight: Dueling Perspectives from Proponents and Critics of GMO's

The following quotes outline some of the basic differences between
supporters and critics of genetically engineered food. We counter pose view
points from industry and activists on environmental, health and political
issues surrounding biotech agriculture. We'll let you decide who's right.

"As the world has changed, we have reinvented ourselves for
each era."

-- William F. Kirk, Senior Vice President, DuPont

From speech at World Bank Meeting in Washington, DC

September 28, 1999

Biotechnology and the Environment



Crops with built in pest resistance via modern biotechnology greatly reducethe need for pesticides. The simple fact is that current, so called "traditional" agricultural practices are polluting. In contrast, cultivation using biotechnology can reduce pollution.

Donald J. Johnston

Secretary General, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OECD Observer, No. 216

March 1999

Contrary to biotech industry propaganda, recent studies have
found that US farmers growing GE crops are using just as many
toxic pesticides and herbicides as conventional farmers, and in
some cases are using more.

Ronnie Cummins

Organic Consumers Association

"Hazards of Genetically Engineered Foods and Crops: Why We Need a Global Moratorium"

Food Safety and Nutrition



While nothing in life is an absolute guarantee, the
regulatory system in the U.S. has an excellent track record
for a safe food supply.

Excerpted from Dupont's "Frequently Asked Questions About Biotechnology"

From years of research, we know that the benefits of food biotechnology are tremendous, with no additional risk...Current science shows that foods made from biotechnology are safe to consume, and safe for the environment. For this reason, FDA, USDA, EPA and a host of other regulatory agencies have determined that these products are safe to introduce to the food supply. While there is no such thing as "zero risk" for any food, consumers can be confident that foods produced using biotechnology meet the government's most stringent food safety standards. The future is never guaranteed, but years of research and the absence of harmful evidence indicates the benefits of agricultural biotechnology far outweigh any risks.

International Food Information Council Foundation

Myths and Facts About Food Biotechnology

August 1999

Under FDA law, unless a food is "generally regarded as safe" (GRAS), a legal determination, it must be thoroughly tested. Because biotech foods have been determined "GRAS," they undergo no independent safety testing. Instead, government regulators rely on biotech companies to do their own safety tests and also determine themselves if the product in question is GRAS.

Karen Charman

PR Watch, Winter 1999

In 1989 a genetically engineered brand of L-tryptophan, a common dietary
supplement, killed 37 Americans and permanently disabled or
afflicted more than 5,000 others with [the] blood disorder, eosinophilia myalgia syndrome (EMS), before it was recalled by the Food and Drug Administration. The
manufacturer, Showa Denko, Japan's third largest chemical company, had for the first time in 1988-89 used GE bacteria to produce the over-the-counter supplement. It is believed that the bacteria somehow became contaminated during the recombinant DNA process. Showa Denko has already paid out over $2 billion
in damages to EMS victims.

Ronnie Cummins

Organic Consumers Association

"Hazards of Genetically Engineered Foods and Crops: Why We Need a Global Moratorium"

The fact is, it is virtually impossible to even conceive of a testing
procedure to assess the health effects of genetically engineered foods when
introduced into the food chain, nor is there any valid nutritional or
public interest reason for their introduction.

Professor Richard Lacey

Microbiologist, medical doctor, and professor of Food Safety at Leeds University, world famous for his accurate prediction of the dangers of " Mad cow disease".

Taken from "Quotes from Scientists"

BioDemocracy and Organic Consumers Association website

February 2, 1998

Biotechnology and The South



Just as the Green Revolution has fed millions and served as the basis of
economic transformation, we have to ensure that the gene revolution leads to
a "doubly green revolution" in which increased productivity and natural
resource management are in balance. The poor will thereby be enabled to
begin their ascent from poverty.

Ismail Serageldin

Chairman of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

Vice President of Special Programs, The World Bank

Economic Perspectives, Vol. 4, No. 4

October 1999

The benefit of "more food" is a difficult one to sell today in the
midst of oversupply and historic low prices.

William F. Kirk, Senior Vice President, DuPont
Feast or Famine: Impact of Biotechnology on Global Food Markets/Trade

World Bank Meeting in Washington, DC

September 28, 1999

In June 1998 a number of African delegates to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) issued a statement directly contradicting the central message of an advertising campaign by Monsanto. Called 'Let nature's harvest continue', the African representatives said that the promotion of GM crops would "destroy the diversity, the local knowledge and the sustainable agricultural systems that our farmers have developed for millennia and that it will thus undermine our capacity to feed ourselves". More than that, they
denounced the attempt to use their poverty as a fig leaf for a system designed to maximise corporate profit, not public wellbeing.

Richard Dawkins

"Can Biotechnology Feed the World?"

Selling Suicide: farming, false promises and genetic engineering in developing

Christian Aid

May 1999

Biotech Corporations and You



Since we tend to sell most of our products to other
companies which, in turn, sell to the consumer, most people
do not recognize that, everyday, the quality of their lives is
improved in many ways through the use of our products.
From the time people brush their teeth in the morning using
a toothbrush with DuPont Tynex nylon bristles, to the time
they go to sleep at night with their head on a pillow filled
with DuPont Quallofil polyester, DuPont products have
become an essential part of daily life. Each product is
uniquely engineered for peak performance in its respective

Chad Holliday

Chairman and CEO, DuPont

Speech Biotechnology and Sustainable Growth

Boston Chief Executives Club

September 22, 1999

Monsanto should not have to vouchsafe the safety of
biotech food. Our interest is in selling as much of it as
possible. Assuring its safety is the F.D.A.'s job.

Phil Angell

Monsanto's Director of Corporate Communications.

Quoted by Michael Pollan in his article "Playing God in the Garden", New
York Times Sunday Magazine

October 25, 1998

GE foods were never meant to eliminate hunger. The advertisements were about hunger. But, GE has been and will be always, a technology to generate profits for the handful of corporations that call themselves "life-sciences" corporations, which is an insult to life. I would rather call them "death-sciences" corporations.

Vandana Shiva

Director, Research Foundation for Science, Technology and Natural Resource Policy

Excerpted from "Stolen Harvest" Interview, CorpWatch

March 2000

Whenever possible corporations will require farmers to buy the company's brand of inputs and will forbid farmers from keeping or selling seed. By controlling germplasm from seed to sale, and by forcing farmers to pay inflated prices for seed-chemical packages, companies are determined to extract the most profit from their investment.

Peter Rosset, Executive Director, Institute for Food and Development Policy/Food First and Miguel A. Altieri, Professor, University of California, Berkeley

Ten Reasons Why Biotechnology Will Not Ensure Food Security, Protect the Environment and Reduce Poverty in the Developing World

Food First website

October 1999

AMP Section Name:Food and Agriculture
  • 181 Food and Agriculture

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