The failure of the WTO Ministerial meeting in Seattle was a historic
watershed, in more than one way. Firstly, it has demonstrated that
globalisation is not an inevitable phenomena which must be accepted at all
costs but a political project which can be responded to politically.
50,000 citizens from all walks of life and all parts of the world were
responding politically when they protested peacefully on the streets of
Seattle for four days to ensure that there would be no new round of trade
negotiations for accelerating and expanding the process of globalisation.
Trade Ministers from Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean were
responding politically when they refused to join hands to provide support
to a "contrived" consensus since they had been excluded from the
negotiations being undertaken in the "green room" process behind closed
doors. As long as the conditions of transparency, openness and
participation were not ensured, developing countries would not be party to
a consensus. This is a new context and will make bulldozing of decisions
difficult in future trade negotiations.
The rebellion on the streets and the rebellion within the W.T.O.
negotiations has started a new democracy movement -- with citizens from
across the world and the governments of the South refusing to be bullied
and excluded from decisions in which they have a rightful share.
Seattle had been chosen by the U.S to host the Third Ministerial
conference because it is the home of Boeing and Microsoft, and symbolises
the corporate power which W.T.O. rules are designed to protect and expand.
Yet the corporations were staying in the background, and proponents of
free-trade and W.T.O. were going out of their way to say that W.T.O. was a
"member driven" institution controlled by governments who made democratic
decisions. The refusal of Third World Governments to rubber-stamp
decisions from which they had been excluded has brought into the open and
confirmed the non-transparent and anti-democratic processes by which W.T.O.
rules have been imposed on the Third World and has confirmed the claims of
W.T.O. has earned itself names such as World Tyranny Organisation because it enforces tyrannical anti-people, anti-nature decisions to enable corporations to steal the world's harvests through secretive, undemocratic
structures and processes. The W.T.O. institutionalises forced trade not
free trade, and beyond a point, coercion and the rule of force cannot
The W.T.O. tyranny was apparent in Seattle both on the streets
and inside the Washington State Convention centre where the negotiations were taking place. Non violent protestors including young people and old women, labour activists and environmental activists and even local residents were
brutally beaten up, sprayed with tear gas, and arrested in hundreds. The
intolerance of democratic dissent, which is a hallmark of dictatorship, was
unleashed in full force in Seattle. While the trees and stores were lit up
for Christmas festivity, the streets were barricaded and blocked by the
police, turning the city into a war zone.
The media has referred to the protestors as "power mongers" and "special
interest" groups. Globalisers, such as Scott Miller of the U.S. Alliance
for Trade Expansion said that the protestors were acting out of fear and
The thousands of youth, farmers, workers and environmentalists who marched
the streets of Seattle in peace and solidarity were not acting out of
ignorance and fear, they were outraged because they know how undemocratic
the W.T.O. is, how destructive its social and ecological impacts are, and
how the rules of the W.T.O. are driven by the objectives of establishing
corporate control over every dimension of our lives - our food, our health,
our environment, our work and our future.
When labour joins hands with environmentalists, when farmers from the
North and farmers from the South make a common commitment to say "no" to
genetically engineered crops, they are not acting in their special
interests. They are defending the common interests and common rights of
all people, everywhere. The divide and rule policy, which has attempted to
put consumers against farmers, the North against the South, labour against
environmentalists had failed.
In their diversity, citizens were united across sectors and regions.
While the broad based citizens campaigns stopped a new Millennium Round of
W.T.O. from being launched in Seattle, they did launch their own millennium
round of democratisation of the global economy.
The real Millennium Round for the W.T.O. is the beginning of a new
democratic debate about the future of the earth and the future of it's
people. The centralized, undemocratic rules and structures of the W.T.O.
that are establishing global corporate rule based on monopolies and
monocultures need to give way to an earth democracy supported by
decentralisation and diversity. The rights of all species and the rights
of all people must come before the rights of corporations to make limitless
profits through limitless destruction.
Free trade is not leading to freedom. It is leading to slavery. Diverse life forms are being enslaved through patents on life, farmers are being enslaved into high-tech slavery, and countries are being enslaved into debt and dependence and destruction of their domestic economies.
We want a new millennium based on economic democracy not economic
totalitarianism. The future is possible for humans and other species only
if the principles of competition, organised greed, commodification of all
life, monocultures, monopolies and centralised global corporate control of
our daily lives enshrined in the W.T.O. are replaced by the principles of
protection of people and nature, the obligation of giving and sharing
diversity, and the decentralisation and self-organisation enshrined in our
diverse cultures and national constitutions.
A new threshold was crossed in Seattle -- a watershed towards the creation of a global citizen-based and citizen-driven democratic order. The future
of the World Trade Organisation will be shaped far more by what happened on
the streets of Seattle and in the non-governmental (NGO) organisation
events than by what happened in the Washington State Convention Centre.
The rules set by the secretive World Trade Organisation violate principles
of human rights and ecological survival. They violate rules of justice and
sustainability. They are rules of warfare against the people and the
planet. Changing these rules is the most important democratic and human
rights struggle of our times. It is a matter of survival.
Citizens went to Seattle with the slogan " No new round, turnaround".
They have been sucessful in blocking a new round. The next challenge is to
turn the rules of globalisation and free trade around, and make trade
subservient to higher values of the protection of the earth and peoples
The citizens' Seattle round of the democratisation of the food system
synthesised common concerns of people from across the world to ensure that
the way we produce, distribite, process and consume food is sustainable and
equitable. In the Third World and the industrialised world, common
principles have started to emerge from peoples practises to ensure safe and
healthy food supply. These principles enable us to shift to nature-centred
and people-centred food systems.
Diversity rather than monocultures to ensure higher output per acre.
Decentralisation and localisation in place of centralisation and
Ecological processes instead of industrial processes of farming.
Food rights and food security rather than free-trade as the basis of
Democratic control rather than corporate control of the food system.
Patent-free and genetic engineering free farming to ensure the respect
and protection of all species and the integrity of ecosystems and
cultures. This involves excluding life forms from TRIPS and Biosafety from
W.T.O rules of free trade.
Cultural diversity in place of the global monoculture of fast foods and
industrial food chains.
Small farms and small farmers in place of corporate farms and absentee
land owners. This involves protection of existing small farms and land
reforms to redistribite land.
Fair trade, not free trade, to ensure farmers and producers get a fair
return. Trade as a means rather than end, with global trade subservient to
values of ecological sustainability, health and social justice.
Against all odds, millions of people from across the world have been
putting these principles into practice. The post Seattle challenge is to
change the global trade rules and national food and agricultural policies
so that these practices can be nurtured and spread and ecological
agriculture, which protects small farms and peasant livelihoods, and
produces safe food, is not marginalised and criminalised. The time has
come to reclaim the stolen harvest and celebrate the growing and giving of
good food as the highest gift and the most revolutionary act.
- 104 Globalization
- 110 Trade Justice