UK: U.K. to Crack Down on Tax Evasion in Developing Countries
The U.K. government will on Wednesday set out proposals to broaden
the crackdown on tax evasion to benefit developing countries, setting a
year-end deadline for a U.K.-led multilateral tax-information-sharing
accord with emerging nations.
In an interview, Stephen Timms, the financial secretary to the
Treasury, said that in a speech to the Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development on Wednesday, he will urge other developed
nations to follow the U.K. lead. That could eventually open the way for
multination tax-information accords, which would include former tax
havens, developed and developing nations.
The broadening out of the Group of 20 tax crackdown comes after the
signing of more than 100 OECD-approved bilateral tax-information
accords between tax havens and developed nations over the past year.
The accords, which have sometimes seen tax havens ditch bank-secrecy
laws, came after the Group of 20 placed the issue centerstage during
the economic crisis of 2008, as Treasurys sought to replenish depleted
As far back as at the April G-20 summit in London, the G-20 promised
to broaden this effort to help developing countries scoop up unpaid
revenues. However little progress has been made and "it's now a
question of actually delivering on what we promised," Mr. Timms said.
"The immediate priority is getting a multilateral agreement signed so
that developing countries do have access on request to the kind of
information that they need."
Mr. Timms said a recent U.K. government study had suggested
developing countries lose out on upwards of $50 billion annually in
evaded tax, a sum several times larger than the U.K.'s entire Â£6
billion ($9.7 billion) aid budget.
In his speech, Mr. Timms plans to say he will write to developing
countries in early February to invite them to sign up to a multilateral
accord. He will urge other developed countries in Wednesday's speech to
seal their own multilateral deals this year. Mr. Timms said this would
avoid requiring "thinly-stretched developing countries to negotiate
lots of bilateral agreements."
Mr. Timms said he would also lay out other ideas Wednesday for
ensuring developing nations can capture taxes owed them. He will call
for fresh work on automatic exchange of tax data, where data is handed
over without a specific request being made. He will also announce a
meeting in London later this year to work on providing technical
assistance on tax collection for developing nations.
Following a report commissioned by French President Nicolas Sarkozy
and U.K. Prime Minister Gordon Brown, he said he will urge the OECD to
design best practice for multinational companies pushing them to carry
out so-called country-by-country reporting. This requires companies to
report their profits on a country-by country basis, making it easier
for developing government to get what's owed them.
Mr. Timms, the point man for the tax haven-crackdown during the
U.K.'s presidency of the G20 last year, said he was pleased with
progress made in pushing tax havens to provide more information to
developed countries over the last year. He said more progress had been
made in the last 12 months than in the last decade. "Through the G20
work and with the help of the OECD, we have made sure that tax evaders
have got fewer and fewer places to hide," he said.
The U.K. has signed a number of accords with the likes of
Liechtenstein, the Bahamas and the British Virgin Islands, moves the
treasury says will raise several billion pounds.
However Mr. Timms said it was still possible sanctions could be
imposed on jurisdictions that haven't made enough progress on
eliminating bank secrecy when the G20 deadline expires in March. "I'm
not sure everybody is quite at the mark yet," he said.
And Mr. Timms said the G20 will need to look again at the current
OECD information-exchange standards to see if they are tough enough to
ensure that individuals and companies can't use low-tax jurisdictions
to stash away cash.
"I think everybody is going to want to take stock of how the TIEAs
[tax-information accords] have worked," he said. "I would certainly
expect the standard to develop...[to] become more demanding."
- 106 Money & Politics