World: WHO Starts Talks On Tobacco Treaty
Government representatives began discussions Monday in Geneva on a proposed anti-tobacco treaty for preventing smoking-related deaths, which
are predicted to reach 10 million annually by 2030.
The World Health Organization, which is conducting this week's talks,
convened public hearings last week on the Framework Convention on Tobacco
Control, receiving support from health organizations and tobacco companies
(Claire Nullis, Associated Press, 16 Oct).
"In the past, there were times when we resisted regulation and
viewed it as inappropriate, but that was probably a mistake on our part," said David
Davies, vice president for corporate affairs at Philip Morris International (Ron
Scherer, Christian Science Monitor, 16 Oct).
WHO officials and anti-smoking campaigners remain skeptical about the
tobacco companies' promise to support the convention. Derek Yach, head of
the WHO's anti-tobacco program, said last week that the tobacco industry
would probably lobby governments to resist proposals such as raising excise
duties and banning advertising and sponsorship by tobacco companies (Nullis,
Tobacco growing countries in the developing world and cigarette
have already said they oppose any reduction or prohibition of production
(Agence France-Presse, 16 Oct).
During this week's talks, government officials will attempt to
numerous options for the treaty contained in an initial draft text. Some
convention's possible measures for reducing tobacco-related health problems
Internationally determined minimum tax rates for tobacco products, with
a ban on duty-free sales and an excise tax of at least two-thirds of
Programs to reduce sales to youth;
Protection for nonsmokers' health in public places;
Restrictions or bans on tobacco marketing, sponsorship and advertising;
International cooperation to combat smuggling;
Listing cigarette ingredients with restrictions on labeling such as
or "light" that make one product seem less harmful than another;
Package illustration to show smoking's harmful effects (Nullis, AP).
Matt Myers, president of the Washington-based Campaign for Tobacco
Free Kids, referred to the treaty as "the single most significant action
ever proposed to reduce tobacco use worldwide" (Scherer, Christian Science
Action on Smoking and Health Foundation, a Thai organization,
supports the proposal to ban duty-free sales of cigarettes, saying free trade
practices should not apply to tobacco. "Since tobacco is addictive and harmful, normal trade practices
should not apply to tobacco," said the foundation's director, Bungon Ritthiphakdee
(Bangkok Post, 16 Oct).
Another Asian organization, the Penang Consumers Association,
complained about aggressive marketing campaigns by tobacco companies that
target youth, especially young girls (Bangkok Post II, 16 Oct).
Negotiations Expected To Last 18 Months
Negotiations on the convention are expected to be difficult and long,
estimated to last a year and a half.
"It will be very tough negotiating. There will be well over 100
involved, and the tobacco industry has longstanding ties with many people in
government," says Richard Daynard of the Northeastern University School of
Law in Boston.
Countries that consume large amounts of cigarettes, such as China,
tobacco revenue. Developing countries such as Malawi also depend on
tobacco, as it is one of their main crops (Scherer, Christian Science
Japan's representatives at the WHO meetings will look to soften the
the proposed global pact, advocating allowances for individual countries,
News Service reports. Japan's Ministry of Finance and the Japanese tobacco
industry are resisting further tobacco regulation, with the finance
moves to raise tax rates on tobacco as "breaching national sovereignty."
collects $22.2 billion each year in revenue from tobacco (Asahi News
Service, 16 Oct).
In August, the WHO released a report blaming large tobacco companies
including Philip Morris, Japan Tobacco, and British American Tobacco, of
blocking the agency's efforts to reduce global tobacco consumption (Bangkok
There are now 1.1 billion smokers worldwide, with 80% in the developing
world. The WHO has made its anti-smoking campaign one of its priorities, as
cigarettes kill more than 4 million people a year.
"More people worldwide are expected to die from tobacco-related illness
over the next 30 years than from AIDS, automobile accidents, maternal
mortality, homicide and suicide combined," a group of US health
organizations said during last week's hearings (Nullis, AP).
- 109 Tobacco